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Muxima Fortress
Category :- Monuments Author :- angolamarket 
Posted on August 26, 2012, 2:45 pm
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The Fortress of Muxima is located in the district of Muxima, Angola northern Bengo Province on the left bank of the Kwanza River. Founded in 1599, the Fortress of Muxima is part of Angola's Tentative List in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List. The fortress is built of stone and has a mortar pointed over Muxima Sanctuary to Kwanza River. It was classified as National Monument by Provincial Decree n. 2, 12 of January of 1924 (colonial era). 

The Fortress helped the advance of penetration of Portuguese to the interior of the Angolan territory and assured the defense against the Angolan people who offered resistance to the occupation and the other colonial potencies.

The Fortress of "Muxima" was used as the basis of Portuguese forces and its support when they went to the interior making raids and wars of "kwata-kwata".

"kwata-kwata" is the designation given to wars among the Africans linked to the Europeans who caught the other Africans for the slavery. The Fortress also was used as slavery prison during the Portuguese occupation period. 

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